Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affects 3-7% of school-aged children and lasts into adulthood even though the behavioral symptoms may change. There are four subtypes of ADHD (hyperactive-impulsive, inattentive, combined and NOS) and symptoms include being easily distracted, not completing tasks, difficulty with organization, fidgety/squirming, constantly moving, difficulty playing quietly, disorganization and other executive functioning symptoms like planning, organizing, self-monitoring, managing emotions, initiating tasks and directing one's behaviors to meet goals. Accurate diagnosis of ADHD is complex, and requires that other causes of attention problems be ruled out so that treatment can be most effective. ADHD can be treated with a variety of methods including cognitive/behavioral treatment and medication management.
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